|Telecommunications Albania - Telecom and Phones in Albania|
|AKEP Electronic and Postal Communications Authority|
|Albania Telephones (+355)|
|Telecommunications in Albania|
|Until 1990,Albania was one of the world's most isolated and controlled countries,and installation and maintenance of a modern system of international and domestic telecommunications was precluded. Callers previously needed operator assistance even to make domestic long-distance calls.
Albania's telephone density was the lowest inEurope,at 1.4 units for every 100 inhabitants.Tirana accounted for about 13,000 of the country's 42,000 direct lines;Durrės,the main port city,ranked second with 2,000 lines; the rest were concentrated inShkodėr,Elbasan,Vlorė,Gjirokastėr,and other towns. At one time,each village had a telephone but during the land redistribution of the early 1990s peasants knocked out service to about 1,000 villages by removing telephone wire for fencing. Most of Albania's telephones were obsolete,low-quality East European models,some dating from the 1940s; workers at a Tirana factory assembled a small number of telephones from Italian parts.
In the early 1990s,Albania had 240 microwave circuits toItaly and 180 toGreece carrying international calls. The Albanian telephone company had also installed two U-20 Italtel digital exchanges. The exchange in Tirana handled international,national,and local calls; the Durrės exchange handled only local calls. TwoUnited States firms handled direct-dial calls from the United States to Tirana. At present the land lines are overloaded and it is difficult to receive a telephone number. As a result,the number ofmobile phones has skyrocketed in the bigger cities.
||Main lines in use: 316,400 (2008)
||Mobile cellular: 3.1 million (2008)
||Despite investment in fixed lines,the density of main lines remains the lowest in Europe with nearly ten lines per 100 people (2008); however,cellular telephone use is widespread and generally effective.
||domestic: offsetting the shortage of fixed line capacity,mobile phone service has been available since 1996; by 2003 two companies were providing mobile services at a greater density than some of Albania's Balkan neighbors
||international: inadequate fixed main lines; adequate cellular connections; international traffic carried by fiber optic cable and,when necessary,by microwave radio relay from the Tirana exchange to Italy and Greece (2003)
||Radio and television
||Radio broadcast stations: FM 56 (3 national,53 local),shortwave 1 (2008)
||Radios: 1 million (2001)
||Television broadcast stations: 76 (3 national,73 local); note - 3 cable networks (2008)
||Televisions: 1 million (2008)
||The state broadcaster in Albania isRadio Televizioni Shqiptar (RTSH). The broadcaster with the most audience isTV Klan (according to a survey conducted in 2002).
||Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 10 (2001)
||Internet users: 1,000,000 (2009)
||country comparison to the world: 98
||Country code: AL
|| This article incorporatespublic domain material fromwebsites or documents of theCIA World Factbook .
|| This article incorporatespublic domain material fromwebsites or documents of theLibrary of Congress Country Studies .
||This article contains material fromITU publications in the public domain .
||Albania enhances telecom sale with mobile license