Telecommunications

Telecommunications

Telecommunications

Telecommunications Albania - Telecom and Phones in Albania
AKEP Electronic and Postal Communications Authority
Albania
Albania Telephones (+355)
Telecommunications in Albania
ERT Authority of Electronic and Postal Communications (AKEP)
Telephone system. Mobile cellular: 3.1 million (2008) - Main fixed lines in use: 316,400 (2008) The density of main lines was the lowest in Europe with nearly ten lines per 100 people (2008); however, cellular telephone use is widespread and generally effective.
Mobile phone service has been available since 1996; by 2003 two companies were providing mobile services
International: cellular connections; international traffic carried by fiber optic cable and, when necessary, by microwave radio relay from the Tirana exchange to Italy and Greece (2003)
Radio and television
Radio broadcast stations: FM 56 (3 national, 53 local),shortwave 1 (2008) - Radios: 1 million (2001)
Television broadcast stations: 76 (3 national,73 local); note - 3 cable networks (2008) - Televisions: 1 million (2008)
The state broadcaster in Albania is Radio Televizioni Shqiptar (RTSH). The broadcaster with the most audience isTV Klan (according to a survey conducted in 2002).
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 10 (2001) - Internet users: 1,000,000 (2009) country comparison to the world: 98
Country code : AL
KKRT (NCRT) Projekti i strategjise.
Albania enhances telecom sale with mobile license
Telecommunications in Albania
Telephone numbers in Albania
Until 1990, Albania was one of the world's most isolated and controlled countries,and installation and maintenance of a modern system of international and domestic telecommunications was precluded. Callers previously needed operator assistance even to make domestic long-distance calls.

Albania's telephone density was the lowest inEurope,at 1.4 units for every 100 inhabitants.Tirana accounted for about 13,000 of the country's 42,000 direct lines; Durrės, the main port city, ranked second with 2,000 lines; the rest were concentrated inShkodėr, Elbasan, Vlorė, Gjirokastėr, and other towns. At one time,each village had a telephone but during the land redistribution of the early 1990s peasants knocked out service to about 1,000 villages by removing telephone wire for fencing. Most of Albania's telephones were obsolete, low-quality East European models,some dating from the 1940s; workers at a Tirana factory assembled a small number of telephones from Italian parts.

In the early 1990s,Albania had 240 microwave circuits toItaly and 180 toGreece carrying international calls. The Albanian telephone company had also installed two U-20 Italtel digital exchanges. The exchange in Tirana handled international,national,and local calls; the Durrės exchange handled only local calls. Two United States firms handled direct-dial calls from the United States to Tirana. At present the land lines are overloaded and it is difficult to receive a telephone number. As a result, the number ofmobile phones has skyrocketed in the bigger cities.

Albania general assessment: despite new investment in fixed lines teledensity remains low with roughly 10 fixed lines per 100 people; mobile-cellular telephone use is widespread and generally effective; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity is approaching 100 per 100 persons
domestic: offsetting the shortage of fixed line capacity, mobile-cellular phone service has been available since 1996; by 2003, two companies were providing mobile services at a greater teledensity than some of Albania's neighbors; Internet broadband services initiated in 2005; Internet cafes are popular in Tirana and have started to spread outside the capital international: country code - 355; submarine cable provides connectivity to Italy, Croatia, and Greece; the Trans-Balkan Line, a combination submarine cable and land fiber-optic system, provides additional connectivity to Bulgaria, Macedonia, and Turkey; international traffic carried by fiber-optic cable and, when necessary, by microwave radio relay from the Tirana exchange to Italy and Greece (2008)
History -

Albania has the lowest rate of telephone use per capita in Europe with roughly 10 lines per 100 people as of 2008ITU statistics. As a result,cellular phone use is very common throughout the country. The numbering plan has constantly evolved during the last 30 years. Tirana has passed to a seven digit plan as of 2008 from a four digit plan in the communist period by gradually adding one digit.

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